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주요국기준금리

|  주요국 중앙은행 금리발표 관련 자료실입니다

영국

영란은행 기준금리 동결-20181220

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기준금리 0.75%

The Bank of England’s Monetary Policy Committee (MPC) sets monetary policy to meet the 2% inflation target, and in a way that helps to sustain growth and employment. At its meeting ending on 19 December 2018, the MPC voted unanimously to maintain Bank Rate at 0.75%.

The Committee voted unanimously to maintain the stock of sterling non-financial investment-grade corporate bond purchases, financed by the issuance of central bank reserves, at £10 billion. The Committee also voted unanimously to maintain the stock of UK government bond purchases, financed by the issuance of central bank reserves, at £435 billion.

Since the MPC’s previous meeting, the near-term outlook for global growth has softened and downside risks to growth have increased. Global financial conditions have tightened noticeably, particularly in corporate credit markets. Oil prices have fallen significantly, however, which should provide some support to demand in advanced economies. The decline in oil prices also means that UK CPI inflation is likely to fall below 2% in coming months. The Committee judges that the loosening of fiscal policy in Budget 2018, announced after the November Inflation Report projections were finalised, will boost UK GDP by the end of the MPC’s forecast period by around 0.3%, all else equal.  

Brexit uncertainties have intensified considerably since the Committee’s last meeting. These uncertainties are weighing on UK financial markets. UK bank funding costs and non-financial high-yield corporate bond spreads have risen sharply and by more than in other advanced economies. UK-focused equity prices have fallen materially. Sterling has depreciated further, and its volatility has risen substantially. Market-based indicators of inflation expectations in the United Kingdom have risen, including at longer horizons.  

The further intensification of Brexit uncertainties, coupled with the slowing global economy, has also weighed on the near-term outlook for UK growth. Business investment has fallen for each of the past three quarters and is likely to remain weak in the near term. The housing market has remained subdued. Indicators of household consumption have generally been more resilient, although retail spending may be slowing.  

The MPC has previously noted that shifting expectations about Brexit among financial markets, businesses and households could lead to greater-than-usual short-term volatility in UK data. Judging the appropriate stance of monetary policy requires separating these shorter-term developments from other more persistent factors affecting inflation and from the dynamics of the economy once greater clarity emerges about the nature of EU withdrawal.

Domestic inflationary pressures have continued to build. The labour market remains tight, with employment growth picking up in the latest data and the unemployment rate likely to stay around 4% in the near term.  Annual growth in regular pay has risen to 3¼%, stronger than anticipated in the November Report. In contrast, services CPI inflation has been subdued. The inflation expectations of households and professional forecasters have remained broadly unchanged.  

The Committee judged in November that, were the economy to develop broadly in line with its Inflation Report projections, which were conditioned on a smooth adjustment to the average of a range of possible outcomes for the UK’s eventual trading relationship with the European Union, a margin of excess demand was expected to emerge. In that context, an ongoing tightening of monetary policy over the forecast period, at a gradual pace and to a limited extent, would be appropriate to return inflation sustainably to the 2% target at a conventional horizon. 

The broader economic outlook will continue to depend significantly on the nature of EU withdrawal, in particular: the form of new trading arrangements between the European Union and the United Kingdom; whether the transition to them is abrupt or smooth; and how households, businesses and financial markets respond. The appropriate path of monetary policy will depend on the balance of the effects on demand, supply and the exchange rate. The monetary policy response to Brexit, whatever form it takes, will not be automatic and could be in either direction. The MPC judges at this month’s meeting that the current stance of monetary policy is appropriate. The Committee will always act to achieve the 2% inflation target.


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    FOHUNTERS™ 2018.12.20 23:42

    원문링크 : https://www.bankofengland.co.uk/monetary-policy-summary-and-minutes/2018/december-2018



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210 0.75% 영국 영란은행 기준금리 동결-20190321 1 62
209 -0.75% / -1.25%~-0.25% 스위스 스위스 중앙은행 기준금리 동결-20190321 1 54
208 2.25% ~ 2.50% 미국 미 연준 기준금리 동결 - 20190320 2 69
207 0.00% 유로존 ECB통화정책회의 기준금리동결-20190307 1 68
206 1.75% 캐나다 BOC 기준금리동결-20190306 1 54
205 1.50% 호주 RBA, 기준금리 동결-20190305 1 47
204 1.50% 호주 RBA, 기준금리 동결-20190205 103
203 2.25% ~ 2.50% 미국 미 연준 기준금리 동결 - 20190130 1 132
202 0.00% 유로존 ECB통화정책회의 기준금리동결-20190124 1 139
201 1.75% 한국 한국은행 기준금리 동결-20190124 1 98
200 -0.1% 일본 일본은행, -0.1%로 기준금리 동결-20190123 1 116
199 1.75% 캐나다 BOC 기준금리동결-20190109 1 129
198 -0.25% 스웨덴 스웨덴은행 기준금리 인상-20181220 1 149
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196 2.25% ~ 2.50% 미국 미 연준 기준금리 인상 - 20181219 1 140
195 0.00% 유로존 ECB통화정책회의 기준금리동결-20181213 1 124
194 -0.75% / -1.25%~-0.25% 스위스 스위스 중앙은행 기준금리 동결-20181213 97
193 1.75% 캐나다 BOC 기준금리동결-20181205 1 118
192 1.50% 호주 RBA, 기준금리 동결-20181204 1 83
191 1.75% 한국 한국은행 기준금리 인상-20181130 1 125
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189 1.50% 호주 RBA, 기준금리 동결-20181106 1 141
188 0.75% 영국 영란은행 기준금리 동결-20181101 1 143
187 -0.1% 일본 일본은행, -0.1%로 기준금리 동결-20181031 1 122
186 1.75% 캐나다 BOC 기준금리인상-20181024 1 154
185 1.50% 호주 RBA, 기준금리 동결-20181002 1 184
184 2.00% ~ 2.25% 미국 미 연준 기준금리 인상-20180926 1 296
183 -0.1% 일본 일본은행, -0.1%로 기준금리 동결-20180919 1 199
182 0.00% 유로존 ECB통화정책회의 기준금리동결-20180913 1 202
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178 1.75% ~ 2.00% 미국 미 연준 기준금리 동결-20180801 1 216
177 -0.1% 일본 일본은행, -0.1%로 기준금리 동결-20180731 169


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