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주요국기준금리

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호주

RBA, 기준금리 동결-20190205

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기준금리 1.50%

Statement by Philip Lowe, Governor:
Monetary Policy Decision

 

At its meeting today, the Board decided to leave the cash rate unchanged at 1.50 per cent.

The global economy grew above trend in 2018, although it slowed in the second half of the year. Unemployment rates in most advanced economies are low. The outlook for global growth remains reasonable, although downside risks have increased. The trade tensions are affecting global trade and some investment decisions. Growth in the Chinese economy has continued to slow, with the authorities easing policy while continuing to pay close attention to the risks in the financial sector. Globally, headline inflation rates have moved lower due to the decline in oil prices, although core inflation has picked up in a number of economies.

Financial conditions in the advanced economies tightened in late 2018, but remain accommodative. Equity prices declined and credit spreads increased, but these moves have since been partly reversed. Market participants no longer expect a further tightening of monetary policy in the United States. Government bond yields have declined in most countries, including Australia. The Australian dollar has remained within the narrow range of recent times. The terms of trade have increased over the past couple of years, but are expected to decline over time.

The central scenario is for the Australian economy to grow by around 3 per cent this year and by a little less in 2020 due to slower growth in exports of resources. The growth outlook is being supported by rising business investment and higher levels of spending on public infrastructure. As is the case globally, some downside risks have increased. GDP growth in the September quarter was weaker than expected. This was largely due to slow growth in household consumption and income, although the consumption data have been volatile and subject to revision over recent quarters. Growth in household income has been low over recent years, but is expected to pick up and support household spending. The main domestic uncertainty remains around the outlook for household spending and the effect of falling housing prices in some cities.

The housing markets in Sydney and Melbourne are going through a period of adjustment, after an earlier large run-up in prices. Conditions have weakened further in both markets and rent inflation remains low. Credit conditions for some borrowers are tighter than they have been. At the same time, the demand for credit by investors in the housing market has slowed noticeably as the dynamics of the housing market have changed. Growth in credit extended to owner-occupiers has eased to an annualised pace of 5½ per cent. Mortgage rates remain low and there is strong competition for borrowers of high credit quality.

The labour market remains strong, with the unemployment rate at 5 per cent. A further decline in the unemployment rate to 4¾ per cent is expected over the next couple of years. The vacancy rate is high and there are reports of skills shortages in some areas. The stronger labour market has led to some pick-up in wages growth, which is a welcome development. The improvement in the labour market should see some further lift in wages growth over time, although this is still expected to be a gradual process.

Inflation remains low and stable. Over 2018, CPI inflation was 1.8 per cent and in underlying terms inflation was 1¾ per cent. Underlying inflation is expected to pick up over the next couple of years, with the pick-up likely to be gradual and to take a little longer than earlier expected. The central scenario is for underlying inflation to be 2 per cent this year and 2¼ per cent in 2020. Headline inflation is expected to decline in the near term because of lower petrol prices.

The low level of interest rates is continuing to support the Australian economy. Further progress in reducing unemployment and having inflation return to target is expected, although this progress is likely to be gradual. Taking account of the available information, the Board judged that holding the stance of monetary policy unchanged at this meeting would be consistent with sustainable growth in the economy and achieving the inflation target over time.



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No. 기준금리 Category Subject Views
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Notice 한국 한국은행 기준금리 변동추이 (1999~2019) 3146
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205 1.50% 호주 RBA, 기준금리 동결-20190305 1 47
» 1.50% 호주 RBA, 기준금리 동결-20190205 103
203 2.25% ~ 2.50% 미국 미 연준 기준금리 동결 - 20190130 1 132
202 0.00% 유로존 ECB통화정책회의 기준금리동결-20190124 1 138
201 1.75% 한국 한국은행 기준금리 동결-20190124 1 98
200 -0.1% 일본 일본은행, -0.1%로 기준금리 동결-20190123 1 116
199 1.75% 캐나다 BOC 기준금리동결-20190109 1 129
198 -0.25% 스웨덴 스웨덴은행 기준금리 인상-20181220 1 149
197 0.75% 영국 영란은행 기준금리 동결-20181220 1 107
196 2.25% ~ 2.50% 미국 미 연준 기준금리 인상 - 20181219 1 139
195 0.00% 유로존 ECB통화정책회의 기준금리동결-20181213 1 124
194 -0.75% / -1.25%~-0.25% 스위스 스위스 중앙은행 기준금리 동결-20181213 97
193 1.75% 캐나다 BOC 기준금리동결-20181205 1 118
192 1.50% 호주 RBA, 기준금리 동결-20181204 1 83
191 1.75% 한국 한국은행 기준금리 인상-20181130 1 125
190 2.00% ~ 2.25% 미국 미 연준 기준금리 동결-20181108 2 177
189 1.50% 호주 RBA, 기준금리 동결-20181106 1 141
188 0.75% 영국 영란은행 기준금리 동결-20181101 1 143
187 -0.1% 일본 일본은행, -0.1%로 기준금리 동결-20181031 1 122
186 1.75% 캐나다 BOC 기준금리인상-20181024 1 154
185 1.50% 호주 RBA, 기준금리 동결-20181002 1 184
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183 -0.1% 일본 일본은행, -0.1%로 기준금리 동결-20180919 1 199
182 0.00% 유로존 ECB통화정책회의 기준금리동결-20180913 1 202
181 0.75% 영국 영란은행 기준금리 동결-20180913 1 191
180 1.50% 호주 RBA, 기준금리 동결-20180904 1 175
179 0.75% 영국 영란은행 기준금리 인상-20180802 1 231
178 1.75% ~ 2.00% 미국 미 연준 기준금리 동결-20180801 1 216
177 -0.1% 일본 일본은행, -0.1%로 기준금리 동결-20180731 169
176 0.00% 유로존 ECB통화정책회의 기준금리동결-20180726 1 252
175 1.50% 한국 한국은행 기준금리 동결-20180712 1 231
174 1.50% 캐나다 BOC 기준금리인상-20180711 1 171
173 -0.50% 스웨덴 스웨덴은행 기준금리 동결-20180703 1 166
172 1.50% 호주 RBA, 기준금리 동결-20180703 1 184


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