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미 연준 기준금리 인하 - 20200315

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기준금리 0.00%~0.25%

미 연준은 15일(현지시간) 임시 연방공개시장위원회(FOMC)를 열고 기준금리를 기존의 1.00%~1.25%에서 0.00%~0.25%로 1%포인트 전격 인하


Federal Reserve issues FOMC statement

The coronavirus outbreak has harmed communities and disrupted economic activity in many countries, including the United States. Global financial conditions have also been significantly affected. Available economic data show that the U.S. economy came into this challenging period on a strong footing. Information received since the Federal Open Market Committee met in January indicates that the labor market remained strong through February and economic activity rose at a moderate rate. Job gains have been solid, on average, in recent months, and the unemployment rate has remained low. Although household spending rose at a moderate pace, business fixed investment and exports remained weak. More recently, the energy sector has come under stress. On a 12‑month basis, overall inflation and inflation for items other than food and energy are running below 2 percent. Market-based measures of inflation compensation have declined; survey-based measures of longer-term inflation expectations are little changed.

Consistent with its statutory mandate, the Committee seeks to foster maximum employment and price stability. The effects of the coronavirus will weigh on economic activity in the near term and pose risks to the economic outlook. In light of these developments, the Committee decided to lower the target range for the federal funds rate to 0 to 1/4 percent. The Committee expects to maintain this target range until it is confident that the economy has weathered recent events and is on track to achieve its maximum employment and price stability goals. This action will help support economic activity, strong labor market conditions, and inflation returning to the Committee's symmetric 2 percent objective.

The Committee will continue to monitor the implications of incoming information for the economic outlook, including information related to public health, as well as global developments and muted inflation pressures, and will use its tools and act as appropriate to support the economy. In determining the timing and size of future adjustments to the stance of monetary policy, the Committee will assess realized and expected economic conditions relative to its maximum employment objective and its symmetric 2 percent inflation objective. This assessment will take into account a wide range of information, including measures of labor market conditions, indicators of inflation pressures and inflation expectations, and readings on financial and international developments.

The Federal Reserve is prepared to use its full range of tools to support the flow of credit to households and businesses and thereby promote its maximum employment and price stability goals. To support the smooth functioning of markets for Treasury securities and agency mortgage-backed securities that are central to the flow of credit to households and businesses, over coming months the Committee will increase its holdings of Treasury securities by at least $500 billion and its holdings of agency mortgage-backed securities by at least $200 billion. The Committee will also reinvest all principal payments from the Federal Reserve's holdings of agency debt and agency mortgage-backed securities in agency mortgage-backed securities. In addition, the Open Market Desk has recently expanded its overnight and term repurchase agreement operations. The Committee will continue to closely monitor market conditions and is prepared to adjust its plans as appropriate.

Voting for the monetary policy action were Jerome H. Powell, Chair; John C. Williams, Vice Chair; Michelle W. Bowman; Lael Brainard; Richard H. Clarida; Patrick Harker; Robert S. Kaplan; Neel Kashkari; and Randal K. Quarles. Voting against this action was Loretta J. Mester, who was fully supportive of all of the actions taken to promote the smooth functioning of markets and the flow of credit to households and businesses but preferred to reduce the target range for the federal funds rate to 1/2 to 3/4 percent at this meeting.

In a related set of actions to support the credit needs of households and businesses, the Federal Reserve announced measures related to the discount window, intraday credit, bank capital and liquidity buffers, reserve requirements, and—in coordination with other central banks—the U.S. dollar liquidity swap line arrangements. More information can be found on the Federal Reserve Board's website.

For media inquiries, call 202-452-2955.


List of Articles
No. 기준금리 Category Subject Views
Notice 미국 2021년 미국FOMC회의일정 공지 file 1053
Notice 한국 2021년 한은 금통위 기준금리 회의일정 (2005년~2021년) file 3532
Notice 한국 한국은행 기준금리 변동추이 (1999~2020) file 3202
273 0.00% 유로존 ECB통화정책회의 기준금리동결-20200430 2 file 40
272 0.00%~0.25% 미국 미 연준 기준금리 동결-20200430 2 file 51
271 0.25% 캐나다 BOC 기준금리 동결-20200415 1 file 84
270 0.75% 한국 한국은행 기준금리 동결 -20200409 file 24
269 0.25% 호주 RBA 기준금리동결-20200407 2 file 34
268 0.1% 영국 영란은행 기준금리 동결-2020326 1 file 29
267 0.75% 한국 한국은행 기준금리 인하 -20200316 34
» 0.00%~0.25% 미국 미 연준 기준금리 인하 - 20200315 2 40
265 0.00% 유로존 ECB통화정책회의 기준금리동결-20200312 2 37
264 0.25% 영국 영란은행 기준금리 인하-2020311 1 36
263 1.25% 캐나다 BOC 기준금리인하-20200304 35
262 1.00%~1.25% 미국 미 연준 기준금리 인하 - 20200303 (unscheduled) 28
261 1.25% 한국 한국은행 기준금리 동결-2020227 29
260 0.75% 호주 RBA 기준금리동결-20200204 1 42
259 0.75% 영국 영란은행 기준금리 동결-20200130 34
258 1.50% ~ 1.75% 미국 미 연준 기준금리 동결 - 20200129 1 40
257 0.00% 유로존 ECB통화정책회의 기준금리동결-20200123 2 45
256 1.75% 캐나다 BOC 기준금리동결-20200122 35
255 -0.1% 일본 일본은행, -0.10%로 기준금리 동결-20200121 26
254 1.25% 한국 한국은행 기준금리 동결-20200117 31
253 0.75% 영국 영란은행 기준금리 동결-20191219 1 42
252 0.00% 유로존 ECB통화정책회의 기준금리동결-20191212 2 36
251 1.50% ~ 1.75% 미국 미 연준 기준금리 동결 - 20191211 1 35
250 1.75% 캐나다 BOC 기준금리동결-20191204 1 35
249 0.75% 호주 RBA 기준금리동결-20191203 1 29
248 0.75% 영국 영란은행 기준금리 동결-20191107 1 34
247 0.75% 호주 RBA, 기준금리 동결-20191105 1 34
246 -0.10% 일본 일본은행, -0.10%로 기준금리 동결-20191031 1 27
245 1.50% ~ 1.75% 미국 미 연준 기준금리 인하 - 20191030 2 78
244 1.75% 캐나다 BOC 기준금리동결-20191030 1 40
243 0.00% 유로존 ECB통화정책회의 기준금리동결-20191024 1 30
242 1.25% 한국 한국은행 기준금리 인하 -20191016 20
241 0.75% 호주 RBA, 기준금리 인하-20191001 2 42
240 0.75% 영국 영란은행 기준금리 동결-20190919 1 52
239 -0.1% 일본 일본은행, -0.1%로 기준금리 동결-20190919 31

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